Reading Orientalism

Reading Orientalism


Author : Daniel Martin Varisco
Publisher : University of Washington Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0295741643
Pages : 530 pages
Rating Book: 4.9/5 (295 users)

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The late Edward Said remains one of the most influential critics and public intellectuals of our time, with lasting contributions to many disciplines. Much of his reputation derives from the phenomenal multidisciplinary influence of his 1978 book Orientalism. Said's seminal polemic analyzes novels, travelogues, and academic texts to argue that a dominant discourse of West over East has warped virtually all past European and American representation of the Near East. But despite the book's wide acclaim, no systematic critical survey of the rhetoric in Said's representation of Orientalism and the resulting impact on intellectual culture has appeared until today. Drawing on the extensive discussion of Said's work in more than 600 bibliographic entries, Daniel Martin Varisco has written an ambitious intellectual history of the debates that Said's work has sparked in several disciplines, highlighting in particular its reception among Arab and European scholars. While pointing out Said's tendency to essentialize and privilege certain texts at the expense of those that do not comfortably it his theoretical framework, Varisco analyzes the extensive commentary the book has engendered in Oriental studies, literary and cultural studies, feminist scholarship, history, political science, and anthropology. He employs "critical satire" to parody the exaggerated and pedantic aspects of post-colonial discourse, including Said's profound underappreciation of the role of irony and reform in many of the texts he cites. The end result is a companion volume to Orientalism and the vast research it inspired. Rather than contribute to dueling essentialisms, Varisco provides a path to move beyond the binary of East versus West and the polemics of blame. Reading Orientalism is the most comprehensive survey of Said's writing and thinking to date. It will be of strong interest to scholars of Middle East studies, anthropology, history, cultural studies, post-colonial studies, and literary studies.


Borderlands Orientalism or How the Savage Lost his Nobility

Borderlands Orientalism or How the Savage Lost his Nobility


Author : Dominik Gutmeyr
Publisher : LIT Verlag Münster
Release Date :
ISBN : 3643507887
Pages : 314 pages
Rating Book: 4.4/5 (643 users)

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In Russia's cultural memory, the Caucasus is a potent point of reference, to which many emotions, images, and stereotypes are attached. The book gives a new reading of the development of Russia's perception of its borderlands and presents a complex picture of the encounter between the Russians and the indigenous population of the Caucasus. The study outlines the history of a region standing in between Russian reveries and Russian imperialism. (Series: Studies on South East Europe, Vol. 19) [Subject: History, Russian Studies, Ethnology]


Orientalism, Gender, and the Jews

Orientalism, Gender, and the Jews


Author : Ulrike Brunotte
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date :
ISBN : 3110395533
Pages : 326 pages
Rating Book: 4.1/5 (11 users)

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This collection of essays originates in the collaboration of the international Research Network “Gender in Antisemitism, Orientalism and Occidentalism.” The interdisciplinary volume proposes to intervene in current debates about historical constructions of Jewish identity in relation to colonialism and Orientalism.


Orientalism's Interlocutors

Orientalism's Interlocutors


Author : Jill Beaulieu
Publisher : Duke University Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0822383853
Pages : 244 pages
Rating Book: 4.2/5 (822 users)

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Until now, Orientalist art—exemplified by paintings of harems, slave markets, or bazaars—has predominantly been understood to reflect Western interpretations and to perpetuate reductive, often demeaning stereotypes of the exotic East. Orientalism's Interlocutors contests the idea that Orientalist art simply expresses the politics of Western domination and argues instead that it was often produced through cross-cultural interactions. Focusing on paintings and other representations of North African and Ottoman cultures, by both local artists and westerners, the contributors contend that the stylistic similarities between indigenous and Western Orientalist art mask profound interpretive differences, which, on examination, can reveal a visual language of resistance to colonization. The essays also demonstrate how marginalized voices and viewpoints—especially women's—within Western Orientalism decentered and destabilized colonial authority. Looking at the political significance of cross-cultural encounters refracted through the visual languages of Orientalism, the contributors engage with pressing recent debates about indigenous agency, postcolonial identity, and gendered subjectivities. The very range of artists, styles, and forms discussed in this collection broadens contemporary understandings of Orientalist art. Among the artists considered are the Algerian painters Azouaou Mammeri and Mohammed Racim; Turkish painter Osman Hamdi; British landscape painter Barbara Bodichon; and the French painter Henri Regnault. From the liminal "Third Space" created by mosques in postcolonial Britain to the ways nineteenth-century harem women negotiated their portraits by British artists, the essays in this collection force a rethinking of the Orientalist canon. This innovative volume will appeal to those interested in art history, theories of gender, and postcolonial studies. Contributors. Jill Beaulieu, Roger Benjamin, Zeynep Çelik, Deborah Cherry, Hollis Clayson, Mark Crinson, Mary Roberts


Orientalism and the Figure of the Jew

Orientalism and the Figure of the Jew


Author : Jeffrey S. Librett
Publisher : Fordham Univ Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0823262936
Pages : 376 pages
Rating Book: 4.2/5 (823 users)

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Orientalism and the Figure of the Jew proposes a new way of understanding modern Orientalism. Tracing a path of modern Orientalist thought in German across crucial writings from the late eighteenth to the mid–twentieth centuries, Librett argues that Orientalism and anti-Judaism are inextricably entangled. Librett suggests, further, that the Western assertion of “material” power, in terms of which Orientalism is often read, is overdetermined by a “spiritual” weakness: an anxiety about the absence of absolute foundations and values that coincides with Western modernity itself. The modern West, he shows, posits an Oriental origin as a fetish to fill the absent place of lacking foundations. This fetish is appropriated as Western through a quasi-secularized application of Christian typology. Further, the Western appropriation of the “good” Orient always leaves behind the remainder of the “bad,” inassimilable Orient. The book traces variations on this theme through historicist and idealist texts of the nineteenth century and then shows how high modernists like Buber, Kafka, Mann, and Freud place this historicist narrative in question. The book concludes with the outlines of a cultural historiography that would distance itself from the metaphysics of historicism, confronting instead its underlying anxieties.


Exploring Islam beyond Orientalism and Occidentalism

Exploring Islam beyond Orientalism and Occidentalism


Author : Christel Gärtner
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date :
ISBN : 3658332395
Pages : 335 pages
Rating Book: 4.5/5 (658 users)

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Islamic religion has become an object of political discourse in ways that also affects academic reflection; against this background this volume aims to provide a theoretically and empirically founded assessment of where social sciences currently stand with regard to Islam. For this purpose, the volume continues to develop the sociological knowledge of Islam that began in the 1980s. Given the Orientalism inherent in sociology, the volume focuses on Muslim knowledge systems and institutions, as well as the practice of Muslim religiosity in various social contexts stretching from Algeria and Morocco to Turkey.


The Silent Word

The Silent Word


Author : Robert Young
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date :
ISBN : 9789971692117
Pages : 190 pages
Rating Book: 4.9/5 (692 users)

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The book comprises a selection of the papers presented at an international conference on "Meaning as Production: The Role of the 'Unwritten'", held in Singapore in 1995. It takes textual analysis beyond the traditional boundaries of literary studies, into a more culturally dynamic field of social semiotics, rhetorical studies, hermeneutics and theories of interpretation. There are also essays that explore the issues with reference to canonical literary texts or authors.


Interdisciplinary Measures

Interdisciplinary Measures


Author : Graham Huggan
Publisher : Liverpool University Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 1846311098
Pages : 225 pages
Rating Book: 4.4/5 (846 users)

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Where now for postcolonial studies? That is the central question in this new volume from one of the field’s most original thinkers. Not so long ago, the driving force behind postcolonial criticism was literary; increasingly, however, many have claimed that the future of postcolonial studies is interdisciplinary. Interdisciplinary Measures thoroughly considers this alternative trajectory through the field of postcolonial studies by setting up a series of conversations among these newly postcolonial disciplines—notably geography, environmental studies, history, and anthropology—and literary studies in which the imaginative possibilities of non-Western epistemologies are brought to the fore.


The Oxford Handbook of Religion, Conflict, and Peacebuilding

The Oxford Handbook of Religion, Conflict, and Peacebuilding


Author : Atalia Omer
Publisher : Oxford Handbooks
Release Date :
ISBN : 0199731640
Pages : 737 pages
Rating Book: 4.9/5 (199 users)

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This title provides a comprehensive, interdisciplinary account of the scholarship on religion, conflict, and peacebuilding. Extending that inquiry beyond its traditional parameters, the volume explores the legacies of colonialism, missionary activism, secularism, orientalism, and liberalism. While featuring case studies from diverse contexts and traditions, the volume is organised thematically.


For Lust of Knowing

For Lust of Knowing


Author : Robert Irwin
Publisher : Penguin UK
Release Date :
ISBN : 0141901802
Pages : 416 pages
Rating Book: 4.4/5 (141 users)

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Robert Irwin’s history of Orientalism leads from Ancient Greece to the present. He shows that, whether making philological comparisons between Arabic and Hebrew, cataloguing the coins of Fatimid Egypt or establishing the basic chronology of Harun al-Rashid’s military campaigns against Byzantium, scholars have been unified not by politics or ideology but by their shared obsession. For Lust of Knowing is an extraordinary, passionate book, both a sustained argument and a brilliant work of original scholarship.


Between Philosophy and Theology

Between Philosophy and Theology


Author : Lieven Boeve
Publisher : Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Release Date :
ISBN : 9781409400608
Pages : 254 pages
Rating Book: 4.0/5 (4 users)

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Long past the time when philosophers from different perspectives had joined the funeral procession that declared the death of God, a renewed interest has arisen in regard to the questions of God and religion in philosophy. This book brings some of these philosophical views together to present an overview of the philosophical scene in its dealings with religion, but also to move beyond the outsider's perspective. Reflecting on these philosophical interpretations from a fundamental theological perspective, the authors discover in what way these interpretations can challenge an understanding of today's faith.


The New Black Gods

The New Black Gods


Author : Edward E. Curtis IV
Publisher : Indiana University Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 025300408X
Pages : 288 pages
Rating Book: 4.5/5 (253 users)

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Taking the influential work of Arthur Huff Fauset as a starting point to break down the false dichotomy that exists between mainstream and marginal, a new generation of scholars offers fresh ideas for understanding the religious expressions of African Americans in the United States. Fauset's 1944 classic, Black Gods of the Metropolis, launched original methods and theories for thinking about African American religions as modern, cosmopolitan, and democratic. The essays in this collection show the diversity of African American religion in the wake of the Great Migration and consider the full field of African American religion from Pentecostalism to Black Judaism, Black Islam, and Father Divine's Peace Mission Movement. As a whole, they create a dynamic, humanistic, and thoroughly interdisciplinary understanding of African American religious history and life. This book is essential reading for anyone who studies the African American experience.


What the Rest Think of the West

What the Rest Think of the West


Author : Laura Nader
Publisher : University of California Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 0520285786
Pages : 472 pages
Rating Book: 4.2/5 (52 users)

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Over the past few centuries, as Western civilization has enjoyed an expansive and flexible geographic domain, Westerners have observed other cultures with little interest in a return gaze. In turn, these other civilizations have been similarly disinclined when they have held sway. Clearly, though, an external frame of reference outstrips introspection—we cannot see ourselves as others see us. Unprecedented in its scope, What the Rest Think of the West provides a rich historical look through the eyes of outsiders as they survey and scrutinize the politics, science, technology, religion, family practices, and gender roles of civilizations not their own. The book emphasizes the broader figurative meaning of looking west in the scope of history. Focusing on four civilizations—Islamic, Japanese, Chinese, and South Asian—Nader has collected observations made over centuries by scholars, diplomats, missionaries, travelers, merchants, and students reflecting upon their own “Wests.” These writings derive from a range of purposes and perspectives, such as the seventh-century Chinese Buddhist who goes west to India, the missionary from Baghdad who travels up the Volga in the tenth century and meets the Vikings, and the Egyptian imam who in 1826 is sent to Paris to study the French. The accounts variously express critique, adoration, admiration, and fear, and are sometimes humorous, occasionally disturbing, at times controversial, and always enlightening. With informative introductions to each of the selections, Laura Nader initiates conversations about the power of representational practices.


Islamism, a threat for the West?

Islamism, a threat for the West?


Author : Isabelle Schleich
Publisher : GRIN Verlag
Release Date :
ISBN : 3640868374
Pages : 29 pages
Rating Book: 4.4/5 (64 users)

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Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject History Europe - Other Countries - Newer History, European Unification, grade: 1,5, University of Luxembourg, course: Regionalismin World Politics, language: English, abstract: In this research paper, I intent to analyse Islamism and its effects on the western world. Does Islamism really represent a danger to western civilisation? Is Islamism in decline, as written by the French scholar Gilles KEPEL? What measures does the European Union take to ensure the security of the people and to protect them from terrorist acts? To describe people’s view on the Orient and the Arabic world, I begin in a first chapter with a monograph written by the U.S. – Palestinian author Edward SAID on Orientalism and the representation of Muslims and Arabs in western media. In a second chapter, I will continue with Gilles KEPEL’S thesis on the decline of Islamism and oppose it in the third part to Bassam TIBI’S counter thesis. I will base my analysis mainly on KEPEL’S book about the jihad , where he develops his thesis on the ascension and decline of Islamism, and on Bassam TIBI’S writings “The Challenge of Fundamentalism: Political Islam and the New World Disorder” and “Der neue Totalitarismus” where he describes Islamist fundamentalism and its impacts on the West. The fourth part of this paper deals with the anti-terror measures of the European Union and the question on how they affect people’s privacy.


Interpreting Islam

Interpreting Islam


Author : Hastings Donnan
Publisher : SAGE
Release Date :
ISBN : 9780761954224
Pages : 212 pages
Rating Book: 4.5/5 (954 users)

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Islam is one of the most misunderstood concepts in the West. Myths and stereotypes surround it. This clear and penetrating volume helps readers to make sense of Islam. It offers a penetrating guide to the diversity and richness of contemporary knowledge about Islam and Muslim society. Throughout, the emphasis is upon the value of pluralistic approaches to Islam, rather than condensing complexity with unifying concepts such as `Orientalism'. Interdisciplinary in scope and organization, the book cuts through the bewildering and seemingly anarchic diversity of contemporary knowledge about Islam and Muslim society. The methodological difficulties and advantages of Western researchers focusing on Islam are fully documented. The book demonstrates how gender, age, status and `insider' / `outsider' status impacts upon research and inflects research findings.


Rogue Flows

Rogue Flows


Author : Koichi Iwabuchi
Publisher : Hong Kong University Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 9622096980
Pages : 284 pages
Rating Book: 4.2/5 (622 users)

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Rogue Flows brings together some of the best and most knowledgeable writers on consumption and cultural theory to chart the under-explored field of cultural flows and consumption across different regions in Asia, and the importance of these flows in constituting contemporary Asian national identities. It offers innovative possibilities for envisioning how the transfer of popular and consumer culture (such as TV, music, film, advertising and commodities) across Asian countries has produced a new form of cross-cultural fertilisation within Asian societies, which does not merely copy Western counterparts. Rogue Flows is unique in its investigation of how “Asianness” is being exploited by Asian transnational cultural industries and how it is involved in the new power relations of the region. It is an important contribution to the literature of Asian cultural studies.


Theorizing Anti-Racism

Theorizing Anti-Racism


Author : Abigail B. Bakan
Publisher : University of Toronto Press
Release Date :
ISBN : 1442626704
Pages : 420 pages
Rating Book: 4.4/5 (442 users)

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Theorizing Anti-Racism presents insightful essays that engage both Marxist thought and postcolonial and critical race theory with a focus on clarification and points of convergence.